The most difficult subjects can be explained to the most slow-witted man if he has not formed any idea of them already; but the simplest thing cannot be made clear to the most intelligent man if he is firmly persuaded that he knows already, without a shadow of doubt, what is laid before him.
– Leo Tolstoy
Your thoughts, opinions, beliefs, and worldviews are based on years and years of experience, reading, and rational, objective analysis.
Your thoughts, opinions, beliefs, and worldviews are based on years and years of paying attention to information that confirmed what you already believed while ignoring information that challenged your preconceived notions.
If there’s a single lesson that life teaches us, it’s that wishing doesn’t make it so.
– Lev Grossman
Like it or not, the truth is that all of us are susceptible to falling into a sneaky psychological trap called confirmation bias.
One of the many cognitive biases that afflict humans, confirmation bias refers to our tendency to search for and favor information that confirms our beliefs while simultaneously ignoring or devaluing information that contradicts our beliefs.