The Black Lives Matter movement in the U.S. has gained an international following, boosted in part by the highly publicized deaths of Alton Sterling and Philando Castile at the hands of police.

Black Lives Matter aims to raise awareness about institutionalized racism, racial profiling, police brutality and racial inequality, some of the very same problems that Indigenous Australians have faced. Does Australia, then, need a movement of its own?

Like African Americans, Indigenous Australians are overrepresented in most bad statistics and underrepresented in most good statistic—particularly so for Indigenous Australians who are young and male.

Indigenous Australians make up around 2 percent of Australia’s population but account for 27 percent of the national prison population, according to 2015 figures from the Australian Bureau of Statistics. That means per capita Indigenous incarceration rates are even higher than for Black people in the U.S.

Over the last 20 years, Indigenous Australians in jail almost doubled and over the last five years there has been an increase in the number of Indigenous deaths in custody, according to a review by the Australian Institute of Criminology. Between 2008 and 2011, the review found that 55 Indigenous Australians died in custody, often due to health problems that were neglected.

The problem of Indigenous deaths in custody has long been known by the public for quite some time. The Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody, fully released in 1991, was a watershed moment in Indigenous affairs detailing 99 deaths in custody.

Whilst the commission did not specifically blame police for the deaths, many police were seen to fail their duty of care for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous prisoners and sparked public debate into Indigenous issues and what responses politicians should take, with 399 recommendations stemming from the Commission. Sadly most of them have still not been implemented.