Researchers at the University of Bath found severe antisocial behavior known as conduct disorder may be different between boys and girls.
The study, published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, utilized magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI, to map the brains of more than 200 teenagers age 14 to 18.
Researchers identified 96 teens with conduct disorder, which is a severe antisocial behavior with symptoms ranging from lying and truancy to physical violence and weapon use, and 104 healthy teenagers.
Conduct disorder is believed to affect at least 5 percent of school age children and it is three times more common in boys than girls.
The study showed that specific areas of the brain differ in structure between boys and girls with conduct disorder, such as lower cortical thickness in boys with conduct disorder but higher thickness in girls with conduct disorder.
“Our results indicate that the development of the brain is disrupted in boys and girls with severe antisocial behavior,” Dr. Graeme Fairchild, of the University of Bath’s department of psychology, said in a press release. “These findings suggest that the causes of severe antisocial behavior, and particularly the biological basis of these behaviors, may differ between boys and girls. This could lead to the development of sex-specific treatments or prevention programs for at-risk young people.”