What seems to be different
* US will be more aggressive in litigating and responding to trade and economic treaty violations
Nextbigfuture interpretation – Just of Trump has used lawsuits to enforce the terms of his business contracts he will have the US use more treaty resolution methods to enforce treaties to the advantage of the USA
* US will build anti-missile defense systems
* China specific bits
— US will try to stop China from “cheating” on trade or economic deals
— US will try to work with Europe to stop China from using unfair trade practices
— US will try to work with Europe to secure intellectual property and to try to block China from getting sensitive IP.
Nextbigfuture notes that Trump said similar things when he was a candidate.
What international deals have been re-opened or removed in the first year ?
USA left the Paris climate agreement
USA stopped participating the Transpacific Partnership Treaty Talks
USA has tried renegotiate parts of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
USA has decertified the Iran Nuclear Agreement
USA did not declare China a currency manipulator
There was a new $250 billion US-China Trade deal.
– Transpacific Partnership was agreed by 11 members. TPP-11.
– China is a driving force behind a 16-country trade deal called the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
– On September 21, the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) struck between Canada and the E.U. provisionally entered into force, though its full implementation still requires ratification from parliaments of individual E.U. countries. The deal was crafted to eliminate 98 percent of tariffs between the two parties, inching up to 99 percent over the next seven years. Just as notable is the fact that the deal now allows Canadian firms to bid on European government projects, and vice versa
– Press reports suggest the NAFTA talks are not going well. Negotiating trade deals is a difficult, years-long process under the best of circumstances
– What’s the alternative to multilateral deals under “America First”? According to Trump, the answer is more bilateral agreements. The U.S. currently has 12 of those, but the one getting the most press in recent months is KORUS, the free trade agreement between the U.S. and South Korea.
A Competitive World
The United States will respond to the growing political, economic, and military competitions we face around the world.
China and Russia challenge American power, influence, and interests, attempting to erode American security and prosperity. They are determined to make economies less free and less fair, to grow their militaries, and to control information and data to repress their societies and expand their influence. At the same time, the dictatorships of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Islamic Republic of Iran are determined to destabilize regions, threaten Americans and our allies, and brutalize their own people.
Transnational threat groups, from jihadist terrorists to transnational criminal organizations, are actively trying to harm Americans. While these challenges differ in nature and magnitude, they are fundamentally contests between those who value human dignity and freedom and those who oppress individuals and enforce uniformity.
Competition does not always mean hostility, nor does it inevitably lead to conflict—although none should doubt our commitment to defend our interests. An America that successfully competes is the best way to prevent conflict. Just as American weakness invites challenge, American strength and confidence deters war and promotes peace.
1. Protect the American people, the homeland, and the American way of life.
2. Promote American prosperity.
3. Preserve peace through strength by rebuilding our military so that it remains preeminent, deters our adversaries, and if necessary, is able to fight and win.
4. Advance American influence because a world that supports American interests and reflects our values makes America more secure and prosperous.
Secure U.S. Borders and Territory
Defend Against Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
ENHANCE MISSILE DEFENSE: The United States is deploying a layered missile defense system focused on North Korea and Iran to defend our homeland against missile attacks. This system will include the ability to defeat missile threats prior to launch. Enhanced missile defense is not intended to undermine strategic stability or disrupt longstanding strategic relationships with Russia or China.
DETECT AND DISRUPT WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION:
At our borders and within our territory, we will bolster efforts to detect nuclear, chemical, radiological, and biological agents and keep them from being used against us. We will also better integrate intelligence, law enforcement, and emergency management
operations to ensure that frontline defenders have the right information and capabilities to respond to WMD threats from state and non-state actors.
ENHANCE COUNTERPROLIFERATION MEASURES: Building on decades of initiatives, we will augment measures to secure, eliminate and prevent the spread of WMD and related materials, their delivery systems, technologies, and knowledge to reduce the chance that they might fall into the hands of hostile actors. We will hold state and nonstate actors accountable for the use of WMD.
TARGET WMD TERRORISTS: We will direct counterterrorism operations against terrorist WMD specialists, financiers, administrators, and facilitators. We will work with allies and partners to detect and disrupt plots.
DETECT AND CONTAIN BIOTHREATS AT THEIR SOURCE
SUPPORT BIOMEDICAL INNOVATION
IMPROVE EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Strengthen Border Control and Immigration Policy
ENHANCE BORDER SECURITY
ENFORCE IMMIGRATION LAWS
BOLSTER TRANSPORTATION SECURITY
Defeat Jihadist Terrorists
DISRUPT TERROR PLOTS
TAKE DIRECT ACTION
ELIMINATE TERRORIST SAFE HAVENS
SEVER SOURCES OF STRENGTH
COMBAT RADICALIZATION AND RECRUITMENT IN COMMUNITIES
Dismantle Transnational Criminal Organizations
Keep America Safe in the Cyber Era
Promote American Resilience
Promote American Prosperity
For 70 years, the United States has embraced a strategy premised on the belief that leadership of a stable international economic system rooted in American principles of reciprocity, free markets, and free trade served our economic and security interests.
That economic system continues to serve our interests, but it must be reformed to help American workers pros per, protect our innovation, and reflect the principles upon which that system was founded.
Today, American prosperity and security are challenged by an economic competition playing out in a broader strategic context. The United States helped expand the liberal economic trading system to countries that did not share our values, in the hopes that these states would liberalize their economic and political practices and provide commensurate benefits to the United States. Experience shows that these countries distorted and undermined key economic institutions without undertaking significant reform of their economies or politics. They espouse free trade rhetoric and exploit its benefits, but only adhere selectively to the rules and agreements.
We welcome all economic relationships rooted in fairness, reciprocity, and faithful adherence to the rules. Those who join this pursuit will be our closest economic partners. But the United States will no longer turn a blind eye to violations, cheating, or economic aggression.
* REDUCE REGULATORY BURDENS
* PROMOTE TAX REFORM
* IMPROVE AMERICAN INFRASTRUCTURE (especially 5G)
* REDUCE THE DEBT THROUGH FISCAL RESPONSIBILITY
* Support Education and Apprenticeship programs
Promote Free, Fair, and Reciprocal Economic Relationships
* ADOPT NEW TRADE AND INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS AND MODERNIZE EXISTING ONES
* COUNTER UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES
* COUNTER FOREIGN CORRUPTION
* WORK WITH LIKE-MINDED PARTNERS
* FACILITATE NEW MARKET OPPORTUNITIES
Lead in Research, Technology, Invention, and Innovation
United States will prioritize emerging technologies critical to economic growth and security, such as data science, encryption, autonomous technologies, gene editing, new materials, nanotechnology, advanced computing technologies, and artificial intelligence. From self-driving cars to autonomous weapons, the field of artificial intelligence, in particular, is progressing rapidly.
The United States must continue to attract the innovative and the inventive, the brilliant and the bold. We will encourage scientists in government, academia, and the private sector to achieve advancements across the full spectrum of discovery, from incremental improvements to game-changing breakthroughs. We will nurture a healthy innovation economy that collaborates with allies and partners, improves STEM education, draws on an advanced technical workforce, and invests in early-stage research and development (R&D).
Embrace Energy Dominance
ENSURE ENERGY SECURITY
ATTAIN UNIVERSAL ENERGY ACCESS
FURTHER AMERICA’S TECHNOLOGICAL EDGE