Source: Lauren Feiner
Fifty attorneys general are joining an investigation into Google over possible antitrust violations, Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton, the initiative’s leader, announced Monday.
The news confirms reports last week about the bipartisan investigation into Google’s practices. The bipartisan probe will take place as Facebook faces its own antitrust investigation led by New York Attorney General Letitia James with attorneys general from seven states plus the District of Columbia. At the press conference announcing the news Monday, D.C. Attorney General Karl Racine, a Democrat, said it “remains to be seen” if the probe is “a coordinated expansion.”
Paxton said the probe will focus on Google’s advertising business, “but the facts will lead where the facts lead.” So far, all of the facts the group has requested have centered around advertising, Paxton said.
The probe includes attorneys general from 48 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. California and Alabama are not involved in the probe, Paxton said at a press conference.
Shares of Google parent company Alphabet were down about 0.8% around the time of the announcement.
The state investigations put an additional layer of pressure on both companies, which are already facing antitrust scrutiny on the federal level. Facebook confirmed an antitrust probe by the Federal Trade Commission in July after the agency slapped it with a $5 billion fine over its privacy practices. And the Department of Justice will conduct its own antitrust investigation into Google, according to The Wall Street Journal.
So far, regulatory action on the federal level has had a minimal impact on Big Tech. Both Google and Facebook recently received fines from the FTC over their handling of user data that would be considered large by most standards but represented just a small fraction of their quarterly revenues.
But antitrust, compared to privacy and consumer protection concerns, poses a more direct threat to these companies’ business models. If the federal or state probes find evidence of anti-competitive behavior at Google, for example, it could be compelled to make its algorithms friendlier to rivals even if it eats at its own profits. It could also be forced to spin off entire business units like YouTube.
At the press conference Monday announcing the probe, attorneys general emphasized Google’s dominance in the ad market and use of consumer data.
“When there is no longer a free market or competition, this increases prices, even when something is marketed as free, and harms consumers,” said Florida state attorney general Ashley Moody, a Republican. “Is something really free if we are increasingly giving over our privacy information? Is something really free if online ad prices go up based on one company’s control.”
Doug Peterson, Nebraska’s Republican attorney general, said he looks forward to working with the U.S. Justice Department as well as international authorities.
“It really is significant the fact that you’ve got the U.K., France, Australia, the European Commission looking at this, all indicate that this is a significant issue,” Peterson said.
The focus on Google and Facebook by the state attorneys general does mean other tech giants like Amazon and Apple will be free from scrutiny. Sources told the Journal last week that the investigations could expand to other companies.