Posted BY: Billy | NwoReport
Two people are believed to have died from the extremely deadly Marburg virus in Ghana as officials gear up for a potential outbreak.
The patients, from the country’s southern Ashanti region, were not known to each other, suggesting the disease is spreading more widely.
Initial tests came back positive for the virus and the samples are being reanalysed by the World Health Organization (WHO).
If confirmed, it would mark only the second time Marburg has been detected in West Africa, after a small outbreak in Guinea last year.
The WHO is sending experts to support Ghanaian health officials and track down the close contacts of the victims.
A deadly cousin of Ebola, Marburg kills between a quarter and 90 per cent of everyone who gets infected.
The highly-infectious pathogen has been touted as the next big pandemic threat, with the WHO describing it as ‘epidemic-prone’.
Infected patients become ‘ghost-like’, often developing deep-set eyes and expressionless faces. This is usually accompanied by bleeding from multiple orifices — including the nose, gums, eyes and vagina.
What is Marburg virus?
Marburg virus causes a severe and highly fatal haemorrhagic fever that often kills whoever catches it.
Initial symptoms include a severe headache, a high fever, diarrhoea, stomach pain and vomiting and become increasingly severe.
In the early stages of the disease, it is very difficult to distinguish from other tropical illnesses that cause fevers, such as Ebola and malaria.
After five days, many patients start to bleed under the skin, in internal organs or from body opening such as the mouth, eyes and ears.
There is currently no cure for the disease, so patients are monitored and treated with fluids.
Studies are currently trialling antibody treatments and antivirals, but these can only be given as part of the trials, according to WHO.
Patients then die from nervous system failure and the fatality rate is 50 per cent, according to World Health Organization estimates.
Marburg fatality rates in past outbreaks have varied from 24 per cent to 88 per cent of those infected.
It is initially transmitted to humans through exposure to mines or caves inhabited by Rousettus bats and it is then spread through direct contact with infected people’s bodily fluids or surfaces and materials contaminated with these fluids.
Source: World Health Organization