Archive

Archive for the ‘volcano’ Category

Siberian Super Volcano Erupts Spewing Scorching Hot Ash 6 Miles Into The Sky

December 10, 2017 Leave a comment

Mac Slavo

A Siberian super-volcano is worrying scientists after it’s shocking and sudden eruption flung hot ash six miles into the sky. This volcano is one of the most active in Russia.

Scientists working at the geophysical department of the Russian Academy of Science in north-eastern Russia’s Kamchatka Krai region have confirmed the giant eruption took place at the site of the Shiveluch Volcano yesterday over a 20 minute period.  They also verified and saw the volcano spew piping hot ash 10 kilometers (6 miles) into the sky.  So far, no locals or villages have been affected by this volcano’s eruption, but it’s sparking fears that a larger and more powerful explosion could occur in the very near future.

This eruption comes just days after Mount Agung in Bali in Indonesia began erupting, causing thousands to flee.  The head of the volcano station, Yuri Demyanchuk, said the eruption was powerful.  “It was a powerful outburst, although it wasn’t accompanied by pyroclastic flows. There was much lightning in the ash column,” according to Demyanchuk.

The volcano began forming about 60,000 to 70,000 years ago. Before this explosion, the most recent eruption was in February of 2015 when ash was shot around 30,000 feet into the air crossing the Bering Sea and into Alaska.

Volcanologists have been monitoring this and the Bali eruption closely for signs of an impending and more violent explosion. Siberian volcanic eruptions are thought to have caused the Permian mass extinction about 250 million years ago, which prompts scientists to study any volatility closely.

The instability around many of Earth’s volcanoes is putting researchers on edge. While most say we shouldn’t be concerned about a super volcano such as the Yellowstone caldera erupting, we are seeing an increasing number of earthquakes and volcanic activity as we inch toward 2018. Could the Earth be sending us warning signs?

Antarctic Volcano Warning: Ash Could ‘Encircle The Globe’ Causing Worldwide Health Problems

December 6, 2017 Leave a comment

Mac Slavo

 

Scientists are sounding the alarm about a volcano eruption in Antartica that could cause global health problems. The ash from this eruption could encircle the globe, affecting millions of people.

Deception Island, off the coast of the Antarctic Peninsula, is a hotbed of volcanic activity with at least 50 craters spread across the region. A recent study done in the area by scientists has found evidence that an eruption on the island could disrupt air traffic on continents in the Southern Hemisphere, including South America and Africa. It could also cause some major health concerns for the whole globe.

The findings of the research show that Antarctica’s volcanoes can have an effect across the world, says Charles Connor, a geoscientist at the University of South Florida in Tampa not involved in the research. “We have to reassess the potential hazards for global transportation networks posed by even these remote volcanoes.”

Ash emitted during explosive volcanic eruptions may disperse over vast areas of the globe posing a threat to human health and infrastructures and causing significant disruption to air traffic,” scientists warned in their report.  “Volcanic ash emitted from Antarctic volcanoes could potentially encircle the globe, leading to significant consequences for global aviation safety.”

The study revealed the “significant consequences to global aviation” after reviewing computer models of ash flows from different types of eruption during different seasons. The research is the first of its kind investigating the horrifying impact of ash from an Antarctic volcano on the rest of the word. “No attention has been paid to the potential socio-economic and environmental consequences of an ash-forming eruption occurring at high southern latitudes,” the study declared.

Adelina Geyer, a geologist at the Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera in Barcelona, Spain, and colleagues focused on Deception Island because of its history of eruptions—30 or so in the past 10,000 years, and one as recently as 1970. It is also a popular destination: Both Argentina and Spain manage scientific research bases on the island, and tourists come to admire the world’s largest colony of chinstrap penguins and the rusted boilers and tanks that are relics of the early 20th century whaling industry there.

Geyer’s team modeled an eruption on Deception Island by simulating different column heights for volcanic ash: 5, 10, and 15 kilometers. (Indonesia’s Mount Agung, when it erupted last month, sent ash billowing up 9 kilometers.) The height of the plume determines which wind patterns it encounters, which, in turn, affects its dispersal. The researchers used an atmospheric transport model to track the way ash would disperse on regional and global scales and assess its possible effect on air travel. –Science Mag

The impact on the global economy could be immense. The eruption of Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajokull in 2010 cost the global economy £3.49billion ($4.7billion) by grounding flights across Europe.

Planes are under threat because the ash can clog engines and fuel lines causing them to stall and potentially fall out of the sky. “We demonstrate here that ash from high southern latitude volcanoes may pose a threat higher than previously believed,” the study concluded.

But the health effects of an eruption on Deception Island could be even more horrific than the economic impact. Volcanic ash distributed globally could cause health issue worldwide.

Trump: Investigate Scarborough Over Death of Intern

December 1, 2017 Leave a comment

President sheds light on unusual circumstances of intern’s death

Trump: Investigate Scarborough Over Death of Intern

| Infowars.com

 

 

In response to the Matt Lauer revelations, President Trump said MSNBC host Joe Scarborough should also be investigated for an “unsolved mystery,” likely referring to the death of intern Lori Klausutis in 2001.

“…And will they terminate low ratings Joe Scarborough based on the ‘unsolved mystery’ that took place in Florida years ago? Investigate!” tweeted the president on Wed. morning.

Klausutis, Scarborough’s intern during his tenure as a House Representative, was found dead in his office on July 20, 2001.

The autopsy report said the 28-year-old, who suffered a head wound, had likely died from an “undiagnosed heart condition.”

Scarborough’s staff said Klausutis had “known health issues,” a claim disputed by a family member who said she was a member of a running club and had completed an 8K race with a respectable time prior to her death.

Scarborough, who had well over a year left in his congressional term, resigned two months after Klausutis’ death and the media, focused on the 9/11 attacks, quickly buried the story.

“Fort Walton Beach Police Chief Steve Hogue said that preliminary findings from the medical examiner’s office of Dr. Michael Berkland showed ‘no foul play or any outward indication of suicide,’” reported streemit.com. “So how did Klausutis die then?”

Two Fort Walton Beach officers who witnessed Klausutis’ autopsy said her skull was fractured, which wasn’t mentioned in the final autopsy report.

And apparently, the medical examiner who performed the autopsy, Dr. Berkland, lost his license in two states for lying about his work.

On May 29, 2003, Scarborough allegedly referenced her death during an appearance on the Don Imus radio show, but nearly all audio evidence of this exchange was deleted from the Internet, including the audio track from this YouTube video:


 

Iceland’s Largest Active Volcano Is Showing Signs Of Eruption: Now In ‘Uncertainty Phase’

November 24, 2017 Leave a comment

Mac Slavo

The largest volcano in Iceland is showing scientists signs that it could erupt. It’s now under close surveillance after centuries of slumber.

The Icelandic Met Office has received reports of the surrounding area smelling of sulfur, while geothermal water has been released from the volcano into a river on the surrounding glacier, reports Iceland MagazineScientists believe that this geothermal water caused a section of the volcano to collapse, producing a new caldera.

The new caldera (a basin-shaped volcanic depression) has been discovered by scientists in Öræfajökull. Because of all of these unusual events, Iceland’s Civil Protection Agency has declared an uncertainty phase. That’s basically a warning that there may be a threat in the near future. At the same time, the Met Office has issued a yellow warning.

While earth scientists studying the volcano are reluctant to give any sort of timeframe for an eruption – as always, eruptions of even active volcanoes are notoriously impossible to predict – there has been considerable geothermal heat measured at the caldera, and the release of gases has been detected. As such, nothing is being ruled out.

Bryndís Ýr Gísladóttir, natural resource specialist at the Met Office, told newspaper Morgunbladid: “We issued a yellow warning for security reasons because we actually don’t know that much about Öræfajökull glacier, nor how it behaves because its last eruption occurred in 1727, and 1362 before that.”

According to the Independent,  Öræfajökull features Iceland’s highest peak and is thought to be one of the most powerful volcanoes in Europe. It is responsible for the country’s second deadliest eruption after a steam blast in 1362 deposited 10 cubic kilometers of debris across farmland and killed all inhabitants across dozens of farms.

Although still sparsely populated, the region can attract thousands of tourists at the height of the holiday season. The Icelandic Civil Protection Agency estimates there would only be a 20-minute warning before an eruption, however, adding to the danger of this volcano’s recent activity.

Iceland Placed On High Alert As Mega Volcano Prepares To Erupt

November 23, 2017 Leave a comment

Iceland has been placed on high alert as its biggest volcano is set to erupt for the first time in 290 years. 

The Icelandic Met Office has warned that a massive ice cauldron measuring one km in diameter has formed at the epicenter of the Öræfajökull volcano.

Dailystar.co.uk reports: Stunning satellite images taken during a flyover of the region show the new ice cauldron has developed within the volcano in the last week.

This suggests that activity at the volcano, located in Vatnajökull, Iceland’s largest glacier, is increasing, according to the Icelandic Met Office (IMO).

A river in the glacier has been spewing sulfuric gases and seismic activity has been on the rise in the region in recent months, the forecast said.

“This data indicates increased activity of the volcano which has not erupted since 1727,” the IMO said in a press release published on November 17.

There are no signs of an imminent eruption, the IMO said.

However, the spike in activity has raised the eruption warning level to yellow – the third highest level out of five.

The IMO said it has “increased surveillance of the area and is monitoring the volcano closely”.

A yellow warning code denotes the volcano is “experiencing signs of elevated unrest above known background levels”.

Memories of the 2014 eruption and the flight chaos caused by the 2010 eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano the may worry airlines and locals.

Seven years ago Iceland’s massive Eyjafjallajökull erupted and spewed a choking veil of ash across Europe.

The deadly volcanic dust wiped out skies and grounded 100,000 flights, resulting in the economy losing £4 billion.

Should an eruption of Öræfajökull take place, it’s possible there could be a repeat.

Last month Iceland’s biggest volcano, 6,591ft tall Bardarbunga, was rattled by the four largest earthquakes since it last erupted in 2014.

Páll Einarsson, a volcanology expert at the University of Iceland, said the latest quakes are part of a series that have been “in progress for two years”.

Speaking exclusively to Daily Star Online, he said the volcano is “clearly preparing for its next eruption” within the next few years.

What Would Happen To The World If The Yellowstone Super Volcano Erupted Right Now?

November 17, 2017 Leave a comment

Mac Slavo

 

With the looming threat of a possible eruption at the Yellowstone super volcano, some preppers have wondered exactly how to prepare for such a cataclysmic event. Here is what would happen should the super volcano erupt right now.

Yellowstone’s supervolcano is essentially a giant, lid-topped cauldron, and it’s so vast that it can only truly be seen from low-Earth orbit. Its crater is 45 miles (72 kilometers) across, and its underlying plumbing contains several tens of thousands of cubic kilometers of magmatic material. But if it were to erupt right now, we would have very little time to even know that it is happening.

IFL Science spoke to one of the country’s most respected volcanologists to get the most up-to-date low-down on the future of the world’s most famous supervolcano. Hopefully, it will give preppers and idea of what to expect in the unprecedented event that it actually explodes.

According to Yellowstone Volcano Observatory’s Scientist-In-Charge, Dr. Michael Poland, the super volcano may not have enough energy at present to produce a supereruption. “Right now, much of Yellowstone’s magma body is partially solidified, and you need a lot of magma to feed a large eruption.” The chances of a supervolcanic paroxysm are currently around one-in-730,000, which makes it less likely than a catastrophic asteroid impact.

A sudden injection of new magma from beneath the caldera, or a sudden weakening of the geological layers encasing it, as unlikely as this is, may be enough to trigger a sudden depressurization event, and the entire system would violently expunge onto the surface and up into the atmosphere. What would happen next is speculative, but it may be important to understand just how dire that could be.

Shortly before the hypothetical eruption, the ground around Yellowstone National Park would rise upwards somewhat. Hydrothermal system, including the geysers and geothermal pools, would rapidly heat to temperatures above boiling, and they’d likely become extremely acidic – more so than usual. A swarm of earthquakes would be detected making their way towards a central point, indicating magma rising rapidly through the crust. Then, the roof rock would fail and the eruption would begin. A vast column of ash and lava would shoot upward to heights of around 25 kilometers (16 miles). Sustained by both raw explosive energy and the release of heat through cooling lava blebs and bombs, it would sustain itself for days, pumping ash into jet streams that would transport it around the stratosphere. When the eruptive column or parts of the column fail, enormous pyroclastic flows would blast their way across the park.

Immediately, anyone within the park itself would perish. That’s roughly 11,000 on average (depending on the time of year). The air would heat up to 570 degrees Fahrenheit which would kill in seconds. When the pyroclastic flows and ash deposits settle and cool, they may seem harmless, but they’re not. If it rains heavily after the eruption, especially on any slopes, then these could mix with mud and turn into rapidly-moving, cement-like slurries called lahars. If you get stuck in one, there’s a good chance you’ll have a hard time making it out alive.

But the most dangerous aspect would be the effect of the fallout on the globe. If you breathe in the ash fallout, it’ll lacerate your lungs and form a glassy cement. It’s also about six times denser than water, which means plenty of architecture would collapse under its weight as it accumulates on rooftops. Poland points out that “even a few tens of centimeters of wet ash could cause weak buildings to buckle.” Roads and sewer systems would clog and break down, water supplies would be contaminated, and electrical grids would short out. Millions of homes would become uninhabitable. Those in Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana would be at the highest risk for this.

The amount of ash fallout could be up to ten feet in the areas near Yellowstone but will spread across the entire continental United States and large parts of Canada.

ashyellowstoneeruption

A fine layer of volcanic ash would make it as far as Miami, New York, and Toronto within a few days, but it would still enough to cause vehicles to break down and water to become unpotable.

The ash’s injection into the stratosphere would cause it to darken the sky and cool regional, if not planetwide temperatures. If the eruption is particularly sulfur-rich – an efficient blocker of sunlight – then temperatures would plummet several degrees, to the point where the next few years will lack a summer. “It’s likely there would be significant cooling for many years,” Poland explains. “But how long it would last, and how much cooling would occur, I can’t say. I’m not sure anyone can.”

The USGS is keen to point out that “scientists at this time do not have the predictive ability to determine specific consequences or durations of possible global impacts from such large eruptions.” Whatever happens, though, it won’t cause civilization to come crashing down. “It would not mean the end of life on Earth,” Poland tells us. “In fact, this experiment has already been run, yet few people realize it.” He points to the Toba eruption, one that occurred 74,000 years ago, and one that “was larger than anything that Yellowstone has ever produced.” Evidently, humanity survived that, and “they didn’t have the benefit of technology back then!”

Humanity will survive, especially those who are well prepared for such a disaster, but it won’t be an easy road to have to walk when the time comes. Hopefully, this quick rundown will give preppers ideas if they want to prepare for a Yellowstone eruption.

Popocatepetl Violently Erupts, And Authorities Warn A Bigger Eruption Could Threaten More Than 20 Million People In Mexico City

November 17, 2017 Leave a comment

Michael Snyder

Mt. Popocatepetl is one of the most important volcanoes on the entire planet, and yet most Americans are not familiar with it. In ancient Aztec, Popocatepetl means “smoking mountain”, but to the locals the 5,426-meter-high volcano is simply known as “Don Goyo”. A catastrophic eruption of “Don Goyo” would be a nightmare scenario for the more than 20 million people living in the Mexico City metropolitan area, and that is why authorities are watching Mt. Popocatepetl very closely at the moment. In fact, we are being warned that the eruption that just took place could be a precursor to an even larger eruption

Chilling footage showing the violent eruption emerged online amid fears there could be more.

A huge plume of smoke blasted three kilometres in to the air from the summit of Popocatepetl after a series explosions over the course of 24 hours.

Surrounding towns were blanketed with ash and debris and authorities are now warning a bigger eruption could threaten the 23.6million inhabitants in the Mexican capital, located just 35 miles (56km) away.

This latest eruption actually resulted in what is known as a “volcanotectonic earthquake”. Such quakes are caused by the movement of magma, and scientists are very concerned about what that might mean.

“Don Goyo” has been spewing ash regularly since early this month, and at this point local residents are being told to remain indoors

Locals have been warned to avoid outdoor activities and to keep doors and windows shut, and it is not yet clear when they can leave their homes.

It has been emitting ash since the beginning of the month, reports suggest, before a string of explosions.

Of course the activity at Mt. Popocatepetl has been ramping up for quite a while. Back on September 19th, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake that affected Mexico City also triggered a minor eruption of the volcano.

But minor eruptions can be handled. What we want to avoid is the kind of catastrophic eruption that has given Popocatepetl legendary status. In fact, we are told that at one time enormous mud flows from the volcano buried entire Aztec cities

Historians tell us that Popocatepetl had a dramatic impact on the ancient Aztecs. Giant mud flows produced by massive eruptions covered entire Aztec cities. In fact, some of these mud flows were so large that they buried entire pyramids in super-heated mud.

But we haven’t witnessed anything like that in any of our lifetimes, so it is hard to even imagine devastation of that magnitude.

In addition to Mexico City’s mammoth population, there are millions of others that live in the surrounding region. Overall, there are about 25 million people that live in the immediate vicinity of Popocatepetl. Thankfully, we haven’t seen a major eruption of the volcano in modern times, but at some point that will change.

Our planet is becoming increasingly unstable, and the magnitude 7.3 earthquake that just hit Iraq is yet more evidence of this fact.

A catastrophic eruption of Mt. Popocatepetl would be a disaster unlike anything North America has seen in centuries, and it would almost instantly collapse Mexico’s economy.

This isn’t getting a lot of attention from the mainstream media in the United States, but this is a major story. Great shaking is taking place all along the “Ring of Fire”, and that potentially has dramatic implications for people living all over the globe – including the west coast of the United States.

%d bloggers like this: